Znaczenie regulacyjnej teorii temperamentu w badaniach nad stresem psychologicznym
Rocznik: 2002 Tom: 8 Numer: 1
The article deals with the connection between two large psychological paradigms: the regulatory theory of temperament, elaborated by Jan Strelau, and the Lazarus' paradigm of stress and coping. The latter is considered to be a standard in the field of psychology. The author of the regulatory theory of temperament has developed the issue of its role in regulation of stress in his own works; thus, only the main points he has made will be reminded here. The contribution of the author of this article consists in linking together the Strelau's conclusions and the results of her own study. The Lazarus' view on the cognitive appraisal as the crucial factor in the coping process is challenged in the light of the data from the study. The data lead to a conclusion concerning the central role of emotion in the process of coping. This gives strong support to the statement about the importance of the regulatory theory of temperament for research on psychological stress, formulated by Jan Strelau.